- ad majorem Dei gloriam – to the greater glory of God (SJ motto)
- a posteriori – from what comes later
- a priori – from what comes before
- a verbis ad verbera – from words to blows
- ad absurdum – taken to absurd lengths, to an absurd extreme
- ad hoc – to this particular purpose
- ad hominem – according to the person (argumentum ad hominem is argument directed against a person, attacking their character, rather than the subject matter)
- ad infinitum – going on forever
- ad interim – for the meantime
- ad libitum (ad lib) – as one pleases
- ad locum – at the place
- ad nauseam – to the point of making one sick
- addendum – an item to be added
- advocatus diaboli – devil’s advocate (Someone takes a position solely for the sake of a discussion or argument.)
- alea iacta est – “The die is cast” (Julius Caesar)
- alias – otherwise
- alibi – elsewhere
- alma mater – nurturing or nourishing mother (refers to the university one has attended)
- alter ego – another “I” or another self
- alumnus – from the word “alere” meaning to nurture, a graduate of a school or university Feminine form is alumna, plural – alumni.
- amicus curiae – friend of the court
- amor patriae – love of country
- Amor vincit omnia. – love conquers all
- anno – year
- Anno Domini (A.D.) -in the year of the Lord
- anno mundi – in the year of the world
- annus horribilis – a horrible year (So Queen Elizabeth II described 1992)
- annus mirabilis – year of wonders
- ante – before
- ante cibum – before meals
- ante meridiem (a.m.) – before noon in the period from midnight to noon.
- ante mortem – before death
- ante prandium – before a meal, especially lunch
- antebellum – before the war
- aqua vitae – water of life (spirits, wine/brandy)
- argumentum ad populum – A fallacious argument; because many people believe something it is not necessarily true
- ars gratia artis – art for art’s sake
- Artium Baccalaureus – Bachelor of Arts (BA)
- Artium Magister – Master of Arts (MA)
- Audaces fortuna iuvat – fortune favours the bold
- aurora borealis – northern lights
- Aut vincere aut mori – either conquer or die
- ave atque vale – hello and goodbye
- bona fide -in good faith
- Carpe diem – seize the day
- casus belli – an act used to justify war
- causa mortis – cause of death
- Caveat – let him/her beware
- Caveat emptor – let the buyer beware
- Caveat lector – Let the reader beware
- circa (ca.) – around or approximately, as used with dates.
- circulus vitiosus – vicious circle
- citius altius fortius – faster, higher, stronger (the Olympic motto)
- cogito ergo sum. – “I think therefore I am” (Rene Descartes)
- commune bonum – the common good
- compos mentis – of sound mind
- consensu omnium – by the agreement of all
- consummatum est – it is completed
- cui prodest scelus, is fecit. – The one who derives advantage from the crime is the one most likely to have committed it (Seneca).
- culpa – a sin
- cum – with
- cum grano salis – with a grain of salt
- cum laude – with praise
- curriculum vitae – the course of one’s life (official resumé)
- de facto – in fact
- de iure – according to law
- De mortuis nil nisi bonum – say only good about the dead.
- Deo gratias -thanks be to God
- deus ex machina – god from the machine (contrived solution to a plot)
- de gustibus non est disputandum – there is no arguing tastes
- Deus vobiscum – God be with you
- divide et impera – divide and conquer
- dominus vobiscum – the Lord be with you
- dulce et decorum est pro patria mori – it is sweet and honourable to die for one’s country” (Horace)
- dum spiro, spero – while I breathe, I hope
- e pluribus unum – out of many, the one – motto of the USA
- Ecce homo – behold the man
- editio princeps – first printed edition
- eiusdem generis – of the same kind
- emeritus – from merit (used to refer to a retired professor or other office)
- eo ipso – by that very act
- ergo – therefore ( to show a logical conclusion)
- errare humanum est – to err is human
- erratum – error
- esse quam videri – to be rather than to seem
- et alii (et al.) – and others (used to abbreviate a list of names)
- et cetera (etc.) – and the rest, and others, and so on or and more
- et sequens – and the following
- et tu, Brute – “And you, Brutus?” (quote from Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar – supposedly the final words of the assassinated Roman dictator)
- ex – out of
- ex animo – from the heart (sincerely)
- ex cathedra – with authority
- ex Deo – from God
- ex dolo – intentionally
- ex gratia – from kindness or from grace (refers to someone performing an act out of kindness as opposed to being forced to do it)
- ex libris -from the books or library of
- ex more – according to custom
- ex officio – from the office (when one position is held by virtue of holding another, for example, the president of a country is the commander in chief of the armed forces. In the U.S., the vice president is ex officio president of the Senate)
- ex post facto – from what is done afterward, of a law with retroactive effect
- ex tempore – right away, immediately
- excelsior – higher, ever upward (NYS motto)
- Exceptio probat regulam -the exception proves the rule
- extempore – without premeditation
- exempli gratia (e.g.) – for the sake of example, usually translated “for example.”
- – They leave.
- He/she leaves.
- extempore – without premeditation
- facile princeps – acknowledged leader
- – Make a similar one. (origin of the word fax)
- facta, non verba – deeds, not words
- Factum est. – It is done.
- Fiat – Let it be done.
- Fiat lux. – Let there be light.
- finis – the end
- flagrante delicto – in the act of committing a crime
- Flamma fumo est proxima. – There is no smoke without fire.
- Fugit hora. – The hour flies.
- gloria – glory
- gloria in excelsis Deo – glory to God in the highest
- Habeas corpus. – You must have the body. (You must justify an imprisonment.)
- hic et nunc – here and now
- hic iacet – here lies
- Homo sum. – I am a man.
- honoris causa – for the sake of honor
- Horas non numero nisi serenas. – I only count the sunny hours. (common inscription on sundials)
- hora somni (h.s.) – at bedtime, literally at the hour of sleep
- ibidem (ibid.) – in the same place, usually in bibliographic citations.
- id est (i.e.) – that is to say, sometimes “in this case,” depending on the context
- Ignorantia legis neminem excusat. – Ignorance of the law excuses no one.
- imago Dei – image of God
- imperium – absolute power
- – Let it be printed.
- imprimis – in first place
- inter arma silent leges – There is no law on the battlefield”.
- in absentia – in the absence of
- in articulo mortis – at the moment of death
- In camera -in secret (literally “in the chamber”)
- Incipit – Begin here.
- index librorum prohibitorum – list of forbidden books
- in dubio – in doubt
- in duplo – in two
- in effigie – in (the form of) an image
- in esse – in existence
- in excelsis – in the highest
- in extenso – in long (form) that is complete, unabridged.
- in extremis – in extremity
- In fidem – to faith
- in fine – at the end
- In flagrante delicto – In flaming crime (caught in the act)
- in flore – in bloom
- in foro – in forum (in court)
- infra – below, underneath
- in futuro – in the future
- in infinitum – to infinity
- In loco – at the place
- in loco parentis – in the place of a parent
- In medias res – into the middle of things
- in memoriam – in memory of
- In nuce – in a nutshell
- in perpetuum – for ever
- in personam – against the person
- in pleno – in full
- in praesenti – at the present time
- in principio – in the beginning
- in propria persona – in person
- in puris naturalibus – completely naked
- in rem – against the matter (property)
- in rerum natura – in the nature of things
- In salvo – in safety
- in se – in itself
- in situ – in position
- in totidem verbis – in so many words
- in toto – totally,completely
- in transitu – in passing
- In triplo – in three (copies)
- in usu – in use
- in utero – in the womb
- in vacuo – in a vacuum
- in vino veritas. – In wine is truth.
- in vitro – in glass
- in vivo – in the living (thing)
- incredibile dictu – incredible to say
- inter alia – among other things
- inter alios – among other people
- inter se – between themselves
- inter spem et metum – between hope and fear
- inter vivos – between living (people)
- intra muros – within the walls, not public
- intra vires – within the powers
- Ipsi dixit. – He himself said it.
- ipsissima verba – the exact words
- ipso facto – by the fact itself
- ipso iure – by operation of the law
- ius gentium – the law of nations
- justitia omnibus – justice for all
- Not used in Latin
- lapsus linguae – a slip of the tongue
- lapsus memoriae – a slip of the memory
- Laus Deo – Praise be to God.
- lex domicilii – the law of a person’s home country
- Lex lata – the law as it exists
- lex loci – the law of the place
- lex non scripta – the unwritten (common) law
- lex scripta – the written law
- Licentia poetica – Poetic license
- literati – men of letters
- locus delicti – the scene of the crime
- locus in quo – the place in which something happens
- Loquitur – He/She speaks.
- lumen naturale – natural light
- lusus naturae – a freak of nature
- lux et veritas – light and truth
- lux mundi – the light of the world
- Magister Artium (MA) – master of arts
- magna cum laude – with great distinction
- – It magnifies.
- magnum opus – the greatest piece of work
- mala fide – in bad faith
- manu propria (m.p.) – with one’s own hand
- mater – mother
- materfamilias – mother of family
- mea culpa – through my fault
- Memento mori. – Remember that you must die.
- memorabilia – memorable things
- mens sana in corpore – a healthy mind in a healthy body
- millennium (millennia) – a thousand year period
- mirabile visu – wonderful to behold
- – Have mercy.
- modus operandi (m.o.) – way of operating
- modus vivendi – way of living
- moratorium – a delay
- Morituri te salutant. – Those who are about to die salute you.
- Nascentes morimur. – From the moment we are born, we die.
- Natura abhorret a vacuo. – Nature abhors a vacuum
- ne plus ultra (also non plus ultra) “nothing more beyond” literally, the best or most extreme example of something.
- nihil – nothing
- nihil per os (n.p.o.) – nothing by mouth
- nolens volens – whether unwilling or willing
- Noli me tangere. – Touch me not.
- nolle prosequi – not willing to prosecute (a legal motion to drop legal charges, usually in exchange for a diversion program or out-of-court settlement)
- Nolo contendere – I do not wish to contend. (no contest – a plea that can be entered on behalf of a defendant in a court that states the accused doesn’t admit guilt but will accept punishment for a crime.)
- non mihi solum ï¿½not for myself alone
- non sequitur – it does not follow
- Nota bene (n.b.) Note it well.
- nulli secundus – second to none
- nunc pro tunc – now for then (effective from an earlier date)
- tempora, O mores! – “Oh the times! Oh the morals!” (Marcus Tullius Cicero)
- oculus dexter (O.D.) – right eye
- oculus sinister (O.S.) – left eye
- Oderint dum metuant ~ Let them hate so long as they fear. Lucius Accius Better known perhaps as one of Caligula’s favorite sayings
- Odi et amo. I hate (her) and I love (her) (-Catullus)
- Omnia vincit amor – Love conquers all.
- onus probandi – the burden of proof
- opera omnia – all works (the collected works of an author)
- opere citato (op.cit) – in the cited work
- ophidia in herba – a snake in the grass (hidden danger or unknown risk)
- opus Dei – the work of God
- panem et circenses – bread and circuses
- pari passu – with equal step (moving together, simultaneously)
- pater noster – our father
- paterfamilias – father of the family
- paucis verbis – in a few words
- pax – peace
- Pax vobiscum. – Peace be with you.
- per annum – yearly
- per capita – per head (per person)
- per cent – per hundred
- per diem – daily
- per os (p.o.) – by mouth
- per se – by itself
- per qod – by virtue of and depending on external facts e.g. a libel would only be valid if the accuser were truly of good character. Opposite of per se.
- per stirpes – per branch (used in wills to indicate that each branch of the testator’s family should inherit equally)
- persona non grata – person not wanted,
- post bellum – after the war
- post cibum (p.c.) – after meals
- post facto – after the fact
- post hoc – after this
- Post hoc ergo procter hoc – A logical fallacy of ascribing causatiuon when it is not justified.
- post meridiem (pm) – after midday, from noon to midnight
- post mortem – after death
- post partum – after childbirth
- Post prandial – after eating.
- post scriptum (ps) – written later, used to mark additions to a letter after the signature.
- prima facie – at first sight
- Primum non nocere. “First, do no harm.” (Hippocrates)
- primus inter pares – first among equals
- pro bono (pro bono publico) – for the good of the public said of a lawyer’s work that is not charged for.
- pro forma – as a matter of form, formality
- pro nunc – for now
- pro patria – for one’s country
- pro rata – for the rate, (in proportion to the value)
- pro re nata (prn) – as needed
- pro tempore – for the time being, (temporary)
- Probatum est – It has been proved.
- punctum saliens – the outstanding (essential or most notable) point
- qua – in so far as
- Quaere verum. – Seek the truth.
- quaque die (qd) – every day
- quaque hora (qh) – every hour
- quaque mane (qm) – every morning
- quaque nocte (qn) – every night
- quater in die (qid) – four times a day
- Quem deus vult perdere, dementat prius – Whom the gods would destroy, they first make mad
- Qui tacet consentit. – Who keeps silent, consents.
- quid pro quo – this for that (a favor for a favor)
- Quidnunc? or Quid nunc? – What now? (noun: a busybody or a gossip)
- Quis custodiet ipsos custodes? – Who will guard the guardians?
- quo iure – by what law
- Quo vadis – Where are you going?
- quod erat demonstrandum (QED) – which was to be demonstrated
- Quod est (qe) – which is
- quorum – of whom
- re – concerning
- redivivus – come back to life
- reductio ad absurdum – reduction to the absurd
- referendum – something to be referred
- regina – queen
- Requiescat in pace. – (RIP) May he/she rest in peace.
- Res ipsa loquitur. – The thing speaks for itself.
- res iudicata- a judged thing (Legal concept: once a matter has been finally decided by the courts, it cannot be litigated again.)
- rex – king
- rigor mortis – the rigidity of death
- salve – hello
- satis – enough
- scilicet (s.c.) – that is to say
- – He/She wrote it.
- semper fidelis (Semper Fi) always faithful
- semper paratus – always prepared.
- sequens (seq) – the following (one)
- sic – thus (this is the way it was put – when quoting someone)
- Si vis pacem, para bellum – if you wish for peace, prepare for war
- Sic vita est – such is life.
- Signetur (sig) – let it be labeled.
- sine anno (s.a.) – without year (unknown publication date)
- sine cura – without a care
- sine die – without a day (indefinitely)
- sine qua non – something/someone indispensable
- sine loco (sl) – without place
- sine prole (sp) – without issue
- statim (stat) – immediately
- Sola scriptura – the idea that the holy book is doctrinally infallible and all required knowledge is to be found therein (theological concept.)
- solum Deum prae oculis habentes – having only God before your eyes
- status quo – the current state of affairs
- Stet – Let it stand. (marginal mark in proofreading to indicate that something previously deleted or marked for deletion should be retained)
- stricto sensu – in the strict sense
- stupor mundi – wonder of the world
- sub poena – under penalty of law
- sub rosa – under the rose (secretly)
- sui generis – of his/her/its own kind
- sui juris – of one’s own right (capable of legal responsibility)
- summa cum laude – with highest praise
- summum bonum – the highest good
- summum malum – the supreme evil
- Sunt omnes unum. – They are all one.
- suo iure – in one’s own right
- suo loco – in a person’s rightful place
- supra – above
- tabula rasa – blank tablet or slate
- tacet – silence
- tempore – in the time of
- Tempus fugit. – Time flees.
- terra firma – solid ground
- terra incognita – unknown land
- ter in die (t.i.d.) – three times a day
- ut dictum – as directed
- unus multorum – one of many (an average person)
- Vade in pace. – Go in peace.
- vale – farewell
- Vanitas vanitatum, omnia vanitas. – “Vanity, vanity, all is vanity.” (Ecclesiastes, 1:2)
- Veni, vidi, vici. – I came, I saw, I conquered.
- vera causa – the true cause (of)
- verbatim et litteratim – word for word and letter for letter
- verbum sapienti sat est – A word is enough to the wise.
- veritas – truth
- veritas lux mundi – truth is light of the world
- veritas nunquam perit – truth never dies.
- veritas vos liberabit – the truth will set you free.
- versus (vs.) – against
- veto – I forbid (a right to unilaterally stop a certain piece of legislation)
- via – by way of
- vice – in place of
- vice versa – with places exchanged (in reverse order)
- vide – see
- Vis legis – force of the law
- Vivat regina – Long live the queen.
- Vivat rex – Long live the king.
- vox populi – voice of the people